The most common oral diseases are decay, periodontal diseases (gum related diseases), oral cancer, oral infectious diseases, traumas linked to injuries and congenital disabilities.

It is possible to reduce morbidity linked to oral diseases and those addressing common risk factors by:
  • Reducing the quantity of sugar intake and maintaining a balanced food diet to prevent tooth decay and early loosening of the teeth;
  • Eating fruits and vegetables (grown without pesticides, i.e. organic fruit and vegetables and short food supply chain) that contain essential vitamins, minerals and trace elements can help to protect against oral cancer;
  • Quitting smoking (tobacco, cigarettes, cigars, cannabis, e-cigarettes) and limiting alcoholic beverage consumption can further help to reduce the risks of oral cancer, periodontal diseases and loosening of the teeth;
  • Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste and using dental floss and/or interdental brushes regularly can ensure good oral hygiene;
  • Enjoying a healthy physical environment;
  • Practising sports regularly;
  • Using protective devices during certain activities which present risks (mouth guards during sports and a safety belt while driving a car) can also reduce the risk of facial injuries.

Other risk factors for oral diseases include a poor diet, smoking and the harmful use of alcohol. These are also risk factors for the four main categories of chronic diseases: cardiovascular diseases, cancers, lung diseases and diabetes.

Oral diseases are often associated with chronic diseases. Poor oral hygiene is also a risk factor. Oral health is essential for your general quality of life and health.